As is well known, the first and second Wave of ICT is Internet of computers and Internet of things that embed computers. In the same term we can see period of how Web 1.0 and Web 2.0 changed users’ behavior of interacting from data generated by people to data generated by machines. The Internet of Things relates to Ubiquitous Computing, it shows human-centric to things and consist different physical objects. Under this condition, everything connected together, which including Internet-connected device, and wireless sensors network (WSN) in everything we own will form a new web. In this case, people’s daily messaging volume will be raised dramatically. On the other hand, in order to establish this web, the innovation of applications becomes the prerequisite to make everything possible. Telemetry is a technology that allows remote measurement and reporting of information. The system needs external instructions and data to operate require the counterpart of telemetry, telecommand. For example, London traffic volume real-time control is based on remote measurement. The sensor under the road could track and analysis data of specific area traffic volume and control the traffic light as well as leading and separating the traffic from congestion. Based on M2M communication, wireless and wired data transfer could be used in many ways, such as monitoring, tracking, locating, alerting, protecting, trending, reporting, and so on.
There are also many related terms of IoT, such as Real-world Internet (RWI). RWI consist of a large group of academic terms, for example, sentient computing, haptic computing, physical computing, ambient intelligence, context-aware computing, things that think, and so on.
As the Internet of Things (IoT) is already not an unfamiliar word, there are several different definitions in specific areas. Different areas, at the same time, have their own strategies on how to join or even lead this area. The IoT is a concept that has received considerable and significant attention and support within the European Commission (EC). The Lisbon Council, the European Economic and Social Committee, and the Committee of the Regions entitled “Internet of Things: An Action Plan for Europe” was adopted. In China, IoT is supported by Chinese government, and is dedicating to build “ Sensing China”, which term in Chinese Premier Wen used to refer to what the IoT technology should be used for. While IoT in Japan and Korea is considered more as Ubiquitous Computing, and they started a u-fever around 2004. Situation seems different in the United States; the term of IoT is more practiced by public. For example, IBM has proposed slogans “Smart Planet” or “Wisdom of Earth”. In a national scale, President Obama tries to save economy by addressing the importance of IoT. Depending all above, the ultimate goal of the development of IoT is to build a universally connected world that is highly productive, energy efficient, secure, and environment friendly.